In the event you are running a lot of jobs on your SQL Server, or you happen to have a great number of jobs that kick off close to each other and use the same subsystem (i.e. PowerShell) then you might receive a warning in the SQL Agent Error Log stating that the job step “is being queued for the PowerShell subsystem”.
This queuing is deliberate. Microsoft put in safeguards around the various subsystems that the Agent calls in order to help prevent any particular subsystem from taking over all the worker threads (after all you wouldn’t want your 25 PowerShell job steps preventing your queries from running because they’d taken all the worker threads would you?)
This is one of the reasons that I like to use dedicated servers just to handle all jobs/ETL processes. I like to keep my local jobs to just maintenance processes (backup/reindex/checkdb) wherever possible. In doing this I need to be sure that I am able to increase the max worker threads associated to a subsystem to be sure that jobs don’t get delayed. As such I keep an eye on the SQL Agent Error Log and server resources to check that I don’t get thread starvation issues (and being just a job server that’s pretty unusual).
Today I saw a bunch of warnings in the log to do with PowerShell job steps being queued. This wasn’t a surprise as I had added a whole bunch of new jobs and had not adjusted things from the default values. First I went through and grabbed the default information for each of the subsystems so that I could easily revert if the need arose:
As you can see here there are only 2 worker threads set for PowerShell. I need to bump this up to 20 so that it could handle the concurrent job load. I have plenty of memory available on the server so I’m not concerned with the overhead associated with the loading of PowerShell either. Always something you need to keep in mind (oh and you have to be a sysadmin to be able to update this table).
Checking the value again yields the updated information:
Now it’s a simple case of restarting the SQL Server Agent service for the change to take effect.
Note: Applying Service Packs or Cumulative Updates could potentially reset this value, so make sure you document the change and confirm it after any upgrade (for example http://support.microsoft.com/kb/972759 )